The struggle for power continues as William repeatedly attempts to disrupt and end construction of Tom’s cathedral. In addition to this, new characters and plots are introduced and developed:
Tom remarries after his wife dies from giving birth. His new wife, Ellen, has a son from a previous relationship named Jack. Tom’s son from his earlier marriage is named Alfred. A rivalry forms between the two when they both would like to marry Aliena after working on the cathedral together. Again, Follett’s use of characterization effectively creates a clear sense of which character is the protagonist and which the an antagonist. This is shown when Aliena, already established as a “good” character, favors Jack. Although Jack may be less authoritative than Alfred, his kindness and sensitivity fits the needs of Aliena when having the duty of supporting her brother. Also, Follett chooses to victimize Jack in several instances, one being when he gets into a fight with Alfred regarding his deceased father. Throughout the fight, Alfred is described in an inferior way, such as when Follet says, “Jack’s forehead smashed into his mouth. Jack was two or three inches shorter and a lot lighter,” and “Jack got out of the way and stood watching, feeling stunned and helpless.” (566). This victimization and focus on Jack allows the reader to sympathize with him, further developing him as the protagonist.
A theme that was prevalent in these sections was the importance of having hope. The protagonists consistently face conflicts that leave them in a poor state with almost nothing to do. Many of these troubles are not resolved (and I am expecting them to be in the next couple of sections), but the characters still have a positive outlook, making sure to find ways in which they can compromise, adapt, and ideally succeed.